'Anthos' exhibits superior medicinal traits when compared to common valerian. Contains extra high levels of essential oils bornyl acetate, valepotriate (the calming ingredient) and valerianic acid. The roots are higher-yielding than common valerian, and plants are more uniform in growth. Roots are used to treat nervous tension, migraine headaches and insomnia.
Umbels of exceptionally fragrant white to light lavender-pink flowers appear in early to midsummer and are a terrific addition to mixed bouquets. Plants grow to 3-4 feet tall and when given plenty of sun do not need support. A winter hardy perennial to zone 4.
How to Plant VALERIAN Seeds
Sow Valerian seeds in cell packs or flats, press into soil and barely cover. Kept at 70° F. germination is in 21-28 days. Transplant 1-1.5 feet apart. Start Valerian seeds from late winter to late summer.
Comments: Full or part sun. Prefers moist, rich soil, will adapt to almost any soil with average fertility and drainage. Plants form short, thick rhizome. When dried, rhizome elicits odor cats find intoxicating. If growing Valerian for rhizome harvest, do not allow flowers to develop. Rhizome and roots can be dug after plants go dormant in their second or third seasons. As an ornamental, Valerian is striking in cottage gardens, perennial borders, herb gardens, and naturalized settings. Fragrant flowers attract bees and butterflies, are excellent for cutting. Cut Valerian plants back after flowering to limit self-sowing.