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Phormiums are 6-9 foot tall fan-shaped perennials, also known as New Zealand Flax. They come in a wide variety of attractive colors, each leaf is striped pink, purple, yellow, cream or green. Seed raised Phormiums are fast growing, rugged plants for large garden beds, near swimming pools, covering hillsides, planting along the seaside and even in containers. Vertical stems up to 12 feet tall carry branched clusters of red or orange-red tubular flowers in late spring or early summer. Hummingbirds love to feed on these nectar-rich blossoms. Winter hardy to zone 7.
Sow seed in cell packs or flats, press into soil and lightly cover. Kept at 70° F., germination is uneven over 1-6 months. Transplant into 3 inch pots and later into the garden 4 feet apart.
Comments: Full or part sun. Thrives in a wide variety of soils, including dry, moist, or even wet. Excellent in hot or cool climates, tolerates high humidity. Salt tolerant, ideal for coastal plantings. Plants are clean, leaves are soft, Phormiums are frequently used near swimming pools and paths. Leaves are prized by florists for ability to add flair to flower arrangements. Blooming stalks rise up to twice the height of foliage, carry red or reddish-orange tubular flowers in branched clusters, in late spring or early summer. Hummingbirds feed on flowers, do not pollinate. Natural pollination is only performed by New Zealand's Tui bird with its unique curved beak. Plants are Rabbit and deer resistant.