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First-Year Flowering Perennials from Seed

Many gardeners are hesitant to try starting perennials by seed because of the notion that you will not get to enjoy the flowers the first year. This is true for some perennials, but if you sow the perennial seeds on this list early in the season, they will reward you by flowering within the same year. Some perennials even rival annual flowers, taking just a couple of months to flower from seed.
If you want the advantage of not needing to replant your garden beds every season, but still have gorgeous flowers the first year, this plant list is a good place to start when planning your next garden project. A gardening budget can go much farther by not having to purchase these first year flowering perennials in pots at the nursery. Besides, there is something so immensely gratifying about watching your plants emerge from something as tiny as a seed, and then live on to create enduring beauty for many years to come.
Agastache spp. Aster alpinus Armeria maritima splendens Gypsophila repens Pladycladon grandiflorus Belamcanda chinensis
Agastache
Agastache spp.
Alpine Aster
Aster alpinus
Flowers in: ~7-8 months
Armeria
Armeria maritima splendens
Flowers in:~4-5 months
Baby's Breath Filou series
Gypsophila repens
Flowers in: ~13-15 weeks
Balloon Flower Astra Series
Pladycladon grandiflorus
Blackberry Lily
Iris domestica
Festuca glauca Linum perenne Buddleia davidii Asclepias spp. Campanula carpatica Iberis sempervirens
Blue Fescue
Festuca glauca
Flowers in: ~14-16 weeks
Saphyr Blue Flax
Linum perenne
Butterfly Bush
Buddleia davidii
Butterfly Weed
Asclepias spp.
all except "Orange"
Campanula Clips series
Campanula carpatica
Flowers in: ~24 weeks
Candytuft
Iberis sempervirens
Flowers in: ~8-10 weeks
Canna generalis Lobelia cardinalis Dianthus caryophyllus Chaenorrhinum origanifolium Rehmannia elata Aquilegia x hybrida
Canna
Canna generalis
Flowers in: ~12-16 weeks
Cardinal Flower
Lobelia cardinalis
Carnations
Dianthus caryophyllus
Chaenorrhinum Blue Dreams
Chaenorrhinum origanifolium
Chinese Foxglove
Rehmannia elata
Columbine, Origami Series
Aquilegia x hybrida
Heuchera hybrida Coreopsis spp. Delphinium spp. Dianthus deltoides Dianthus barbatus Dianthus deltoides
Coral Bells, Melting Fire
Heuchera hybrida
Coreopsis
Coreopsis spp.
Delphinium
Delphinium spp.
Flowers in: ~16-22 weeks
Dianthus,
Arctic Fire
Dianthus deltoides
Dianthus, Barbarini Red
Dianthus barbatus
Dianthus, Brilliant
Dianthus deltoides
Dianthus gratianopolitanus Dianthus barbatus Echinacea spp. Echinacea purpurea Oenothera spp. Myosotis sylvatica
Dianthus, Cheddar Pinks
Dianthus gratianopolitanus
Flowers in: ~14-16 weeks
Sweet William, Sooty
Dianthus deltoides
Echinacea
Echinacea spp.
Echinacea Purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
Evening primrose
Oenothera spp.
Forget-Me-Not, Victoria series
Myosotis sylvatica
Digitalis purpurea Digitalis purpurea Digitalis purpurea Digitalis purpurea Meconopsis cambrica 'Rubra' Gaillardia aristata
Foxglove, Camelot series
Digitalis purpurea
Foxglove Dalmatian Series
Digitalis purpurea
Foxglove, Foxy
Digitalis purpurea
Foxglove, Virtuoso series
Digitalis purpurea
Frances Perry meconopsis
Meconopsis cambrica 'Rubra'
Gaillardia
Gaillardia aristata
Flowers in: ~17-22 weeks
Gaillardia aristata Gaura lindheimeri Solidago canadensis Hibiscus moscheutos Alcea rosea Papaver nudicaule
Gaillardia
Gaillardia aristata
Gaura
Gaura lindheimeri
Goldenrod
Solidago canadensis
Hibiscus
Hibiscus moscheutos
Hollyhock many varieties
Alcea rosea
Iceland Poppy
Papaver nudicaule
Flowers in: ~13-15 weeks
Sagina subulata Polemonium caeruleum Eupatorium fistulosum Centranthus ruber Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia
Irish Moss
Sagina subulata
FLowers in: ~13-15 weeks
Jacob's ladder
Polemonium caeruleum
Joe-pye Weed
Eupatorium fistulosum
Jupiter's Beard
Centranthus ruber
Lavender, Blue Scent
Lavandula angustifolia
Lavender, Mini Blue
Lavandula angustifolia
Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia Lobelia x speciosa Lobelia x speciosa Lupinus polyphyllus Lychnis spp
Lavender, Ellagance Series
Lavandula angustifolia
Lavender Vicenza Blue
Lavandula angustifolia
Flowers in: ~14-16 weeks
Lobelia
Lobelia x speciosa
Flowers in: ~18-28 weeks
Lobelia Queen Victoria
Lobelia x speciosa
Flowers in: ~20-28 weeks
Lupine
Lupinus polyphyllus
Lychnis
Lychnis spp
Nepeta spp. Nepeta subsessilis Physostegia virginiana Penstemon spp Plumbago auriculata Polygonum capitatum
Nepeta
Nepeta spp.
Nepeta, Blue Dreams
Nepeta subsessilis
Obedience plant
Physostegia virginiana
Flowers in: ~16-20 weeks
Penstemon
Penstemon spp
Plumbago
Plumbago auriculata
Polygonum
Polygonum capitatum
Papaver alpinum Primula x polyantha Prunella grandiflora Kniphofia spp. Rosa chinensis Salvia spp
Alpine Poppy
Papaver alpinum
Primrose, Crescendo Mix
Primula x polyantha
Prunella
Prunella grandiflora
Red Hot Poker
Kniphofia spp.
Miniature Rose
Rosa chinensis
Salvia
Salvia spp
Salvia nemerosa Salvia nemerosa Erigeron karvinskianus Scabiosa columbaria Scabiosa caucasica Scabiosa spp.
Salvia, Blue Queen
Salvia nemerosa
Flowers in: ~13-15 weeks
Salvia, Rose Queen
Salvia nemerosa
Flowers in: ~13-15 weeks
Santa Barbara Daisy
Erigeron karvinskianus
Scabiosa, Blue Note
Scabiosa columbaria
Scabiosa, Fama Deep Blue
Scabiosa caucasica
Flowers in: ~15-20 weeks
Scabiosa
Scabiosa spp.
Eryngium planum Eryngium planum Sedum spurium Leucanthemum x superbum Stokesia laevis Verbascum spp.
Sea Holly, Blue Glitter
Eryngium planum
Flowers in: ~6-7 months
Sea Holly, White Glitter
Eryngium planum
Flowers in: ~6-7 months
Sedum, Voodoo
Sedum spurium
Flowers in: ~16 weeks
Shasta Daisy
Leucanthemum x superbum
Stokesia
Stokesia laevis
Verbascum
Verbascum spp.
Verbascum phoeniceum Verbena bonariensis Verbena rigida Veronica hybrida Arabis caucasica Achillea spp.
Verbascum Temptress Series
Verbascum phoeniceum
Verbena, Purple Top
Verbena bonariensis
Verbena Rigida
Verbena rigida
Veronica
Veronica hybrida
Flowers in: ~8-10 months
Wall Rockcress
Arabis caucasica
Flowers in: ~5-8 months
Yarrow
Achillea spp.
except Cloth of Gold
Achillea ptarmica Achillea millefolium Achillea millefolium Tecoma stans Malva sylvestris
Yarrow, Noblessa
Achillea ptarmica
Flowers in: ~11-13 weeks
Yarrow, Summer Berries
Achillea millefolium
Yarrow, Summer Pastels
Achillea millefolium
Yellow Trumpet Bush
Tecoma stans
Zebra hollyhock
Malva sylvestris
Please note: Any perennial flower in this list without a time frame indicates that the time it takes from sowing the seed to the first flower can be variable, and can depend on your specific climate conditions. It is advisable to start these seeds indoors in winter or early spring.